Breeder ~ Züchter ~ Hybrideurs ~ Tenyésztök

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library - Breeder

Arthus Percy Saunders, amerikanisch-kanadischer Paeonienzuechter geb.1869 gest.1953

Clinton, N. Y.

Miss Silvia Saunders -1971

Biographical sketches

chapter BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

saunders, A. P., was born in London, Ontario. His father and mother were both enthusiastic botanists, the former serving as Director of the Experimental Farms of Canada; and consequently, the son was brought up in an atmosphere of plant-growing ana collecting.

He is now Professor of Chemistry at Hamilton College, Clinton, New York, and an enthusiastic grower of peonies. He says: "My horticultural interest remained necessarily dormant during my student years, but when, in 1900,1 had come to Clinton to live, and had a house and some ground, I began growing plants, peonies among them. In this severe climate many other plants failed, but peonies, both herbaceous and tree types, succeeded. So I drifted more and more into peony culture. I began growing seedlings about 1905 and began systematic work on species hybrids in 1917. My interest is now pretty much concentrated in this field, and I sow very little seed of Chinese peonies except such as has been interbred with other species."

By his able editing Prof. Saunders was largely responsible for the success of the "Bulletin of the American Peony Society." To him credit is likewise due for conceiving the idea of the symposiums of 1916-1921. A mass of statistics was gathered and his was the able mind which compiled them and then made them of such great value to all peony-lovers.

Prof. Saunders served as a Director of the American Peony Society, 1909-23, and again 1925-28. He was Secretary, 1911-23, and in 1928 was elected Vice-President. Prof. Saunders has had several awards for his introductions, and in June, 1928 he was awarded the American Peony Society's Gold Medal for his success in hybridizing peony species. He was also given the President's Cup by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society at their exhibition in June, 1928.

secor, eugene, was born near Peekskill, New York, May 13,1841. He went west at the age of twenty-one and settled at Forest City, Iowa, his home at the time of his death. He attended Cornell College at Mount Vernon, Iowa. In 1900 he became interested in peonies and began the work which later resulted in the introduction of the Secor seedlings to the market. After his death, May 14, 1919, his work was taken up by his daughter, Miss Nina Secor. Mr. Secor was an officer and director in the Iowa Horticultural Society for many years and was affiliated with similar organizations during his lifetime.


source of these names of this compilation: PEONIES, The Manual of the American Peony Society, EDITED BY JAMES BOYD, Copyright 1928 by American Peony Society. Chapter: TREE PEONY CHECK-LIST.

A. P. Saunders, Clinton, N. Y.

Argosy. (Saunders, 1928). A. M., Massachusetts Horticultural Society., 1928.


Saunders, A. P., Clinton, N. Y. 1869-1953, former Secretary and President of the American Peony Society. Breeder. Succeeded by Miss Silvia Saunders.


APS: History of the Peonies and their Originations (-1975):

The American Peony Society

The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 146



A. P. SAUNDERS HYBRID PEONIES

Current listing received from Silvia Saunders, December 1975. NC (Never catalogued by Saunders.)

ALERT (1941) - Single midseason, brilliant crimson.

ALEXANDER WOOLLCOTT (1941) - Semi-double, large crimson cup.

ALIDA (NC) - One of the lavenders, slightly doubling.

ANGELICA (NC) - Willmottiae seedling. Purest white, very single filaments and stigmas. Aristocratic looking.

ANTHEM (NC) - A Chalice F-2. White.

ARCHANGEL - Single white.

ATHENA - Creamy buff.

AUDREY - Light pink, semi-double.

BALLERINA - Double greenish yellow.

BELINDA (NC) - Peregrina x Mloko. Pale silvery mauve, delicate looking.

BRAVURA - Light cerise, white flares.

BUCCANEER - Single light crimson.

BURGUNDY - Single black purple.

CAMELLIA - Semi-double white.

CAMPAGNA - Single white.

CARDINAL'S ROBE - Semi-double scarlet.

CARINA - Semi-double red.

CAROLINA (NC) From its appearance, probably same parentage as Pageant. (Albi- officinalis-macrophylla) huge pale pink petals with splachy center stamens.

CELIA - Semi-double flesh.

CHALICE - Single white.

CHALLENGER - Single tall dark crimson.

CLAUDIA - Semi-double pink.

CONSTANCE SPRY - Semi-double light cherry.

CORALIE - Single coral pink.

CYTHEREA - Semi-double rose pink.

DAYSTAR - Palest yellow.

DEFENDER - Single mahogany crimson.

DIANTHA - Single early dwarf. Peach pink.

EARLY BIRD - Very early single red.

ECLIPSE - Single black purple.

EDWARD STEICHEN - Semi-double red.

ELIZABETH CAHN - Single white, underlay faint green.

ELIZABETH FOSTER - Single large brilliant rose.

ELYSIUM (1960) (NC) - Albi-macrophylla F-2, tall white.

ELLEN COWLEY - Semi-double bright cherry.

EMBLEM - Single brilliant red.

EREBUS - Single mahogany red.

FANTASIA (1941) (NC) - Flesh pink with maroon in leaves and stems.

FIREFLAME (NC) - Officinalis x Cretica. Curious intense pink. Breeders plant.

FIRELIGHT - Quadruple, semi-double rose pink.

FRANCES - Albi x officinalis-macro. No. 8167. Early pale peach single with warm glowing heart. Catalogue 1965.

GARDEN PEACE - Single tall white.

GILLIAN - Early single pink.

GOOD CHEER - Single light vermillion.

GRACE ROOT - Single light salmon pink.

GREAT LADY - Single semi-double, tall, china pink.

GREEN IVORY - Single light green to white tinted green

GWENDA - Pink. Sets seeds early F-2.

HALCYON - Early, single blush.

HERALD - Early single red.

HERITAGE - The reverse cross. Double crimson.

HORIZON - F-2. Single tall flesh. Huge gold centers.

JANICE - Single early tall, salmon pink.

JULIA GRANT - Semi-double clear pink.

KING'S RANSOM (NC) - "Lobata red"— Albi x lobata. Brilliant scarlet red.

LADYBIRD - Very early single red.

LADY GAY - Single ivory flared rose.

LAURA MAGNUSON - Late semi-double. Light clear cherry cup.

LAVENDER - A strain. Pale lilac.

LEGION OF HONOR - Single to semi-double cherry scarlet.

LIBERATOR - Single bright deep crimson.

LITTLE DORRIT - Dwarf single salmon flared red.

LOTUS BLOOM - Semi-double light pink.

LOVELY ROSE - Creamy rose pink.

LUDOVICA - Semi-double clear rose pink.

[ The American Peony Society The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 147]

LUSTROUS - Semi-double luminous scarlet bomb.

MADRIGAL - Semi-double palest pink.

MAGNOLIA FLOWER - Semi-double large mauve to cream.

MARINER - Single maroon crimson.

MARTA - Semi-double mahogany red.

MAY LILAC - Semi-double clear lilac.

MAY MUSIC (NC) - 16209. A quadruple hybrid. Apricot buff crimson flares. (Listed Reath catalog 1973)

MERCY - Single salmon rose cup.

MERMAID - Single very light lavender.

MID MAY - Single apple blossom pink.

MONTEZUMA - Semi-double crimson.

MOONRISE - Single creamy yellow.

NADIA - Semi-double late cherry red.

NATHALIE - Semi-double brilliant salmon rose.

NIGHT WATCH (NC) - An Anomala seedling. "Black red" darkest of all our herbaceous reds.

NORTHERN LIGHTS - Offered by Wilds. A quadruple hybrid. (Albi-officinalis-Mloko- macro) Ivory yellow.

NOSEGAY - Single small salmon pink.

NOVA - First called Olga. F-2. Dwarf pale yellow.

PAGEANT - 4 Feet tall, single pink.

PALADIN - Semi-double carmine red. Dwarf plant.

PAPILIO - Quadruple, ivory pink.

PATRIOT - Single bright crimson.

PICOTEE - Dwarf plant. Single white.

PLAYMATE - Fern like foliage, small rosy pink flowers.

POSTILION - Semi-double deep scarlet.

QUEEN ROSE - Rose-pink single, furled petals, deeper color at the heart.

RED LACQUER (NC) - F-2 lobata red. Listed by Goldsmith's Edmonds Washington.

RED RED ROSE - Semi-double bright scarlet.

REQUIEM - Single waxy white.

REWARD - Early single dark maroon.

ROSALBA - Pale early salmon pink.

ROSE CRYSTAL - Ivory petals, edged rose.

ROSE GARLAND - Dwarf, single china pink.

ROSELETTE - Tall deep pink flowers.

ROSELETTE'S CHILD (NC) - F-2 of Roselette. Peach ice cream color.

ROSE NOBLE - Single palest ivory-rose.

ROSE TULIP - Deep rose like tulips.

ROSY CHEEKS (NC) - Slightly double rose (listed some nurseries).

RUSHLIGHT - Single ivory-cream. Golden heart.

SANCTUS - Single white, gold center.

SCARLET TANAGER - Single tall vermillion red.

SERAPHIM - Very early single white.

SERENADE - Early single blush.

SHELL PINK - Single very early pale pink.

SILVER DAWN F2 - Single white flushed rose.

SILVER SWAN - Early single white.

SKYLARK - Clear bright rose pink.

SOPHIE - Semi-double. Bright cherry red cup.

SPRITE - Ivory white rosy edges.

STARLIGHT - Single ivory yellow.

SUNGLINT (NC) - Albi x (Mioko x macro) listed in Reath catalogue. Very early pale yellow.

SUNLIGHT (NC) - One of the quadruples. Dwarf and warmer in tones than some of the others.

SWEET MAY - Dwarf, quadruple hybrid. Ivory.

TANTRUMS - Dark crimson, wild confusion of yellow stamens.

VICTORIA LINCOLN - Double clear pink.

WHITE INNOCENCE - Tallest and latest to bloom, pure white single bloom.

WINDFLOWER - Early, small white flowers like anemones nod gracefully above fern-line foliage. Sets no seeds.

WINDFLOWER - Late, Same as above, blooms one week later.

WINGED VICTORY - Warm tawny-ivory, with center crimson and gold.

WINTERTHUR (NC) - A Chalice F2. Very large leaves and large single bloom, open pale pink, turning white.

YOUR MAJESTY - Single vivid scarlet.

HYBRIDS UNDER NUMBER

No.     4992 - Strong fertile pollen, sets seeds.

No.     10996     (NC) - (Albi x tenui, equal to Smouthi) Early single red fern-like foliage,

No.     14400     (NC) - Listed by David Reath as SUNGLINT (Albi x (Mloko x macro) Very early, pale yellow.

No.     14414     (NC) - Same parentage as 14400 and very similar to it.

No.     16209     (NC) - A quadruple hybrid, now listed by David Reath as MAY MUSIC.

No.     16234     (NC) - Another quadruple, very tall, with pallid blooms.

 

[The American Peony Society - The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 148]

A. P. SAUNDERS PEONIES Clinton, New York

All peonies preceded by key letters were listed by Miss Silvia Saunders, December 1975.

Key:  —  Name withdrawn or changed.

--  Plant withdrawn or lost.

—  Very few offered since 1950, so the variety is almost unknown.

NC  --  Never catalogued by Saunders.

ALERT  (1941) - Single midseason, brilliant crimson.

ALEXANDER WOOLLCOTT (1941) - Semi-double large crimson cup.

ALIDA (1952-1955) (NC) - Lavender.

ALISON (1952-1955) (F) - Single pink lobata.

AMITY (1929) (P) - Single rose pink.

ANGELICA (1950) (NC) - Discarded.

ANTHEM (1950) (NC) - Single, a Chalice F2 white.

ANNIVERSARY (1941) (P) - Pink single.

ARCHANGEL (1950) - Single white.

ARIEL (1935) (P) - Double light rose pink.

ARTEMIS (1951) (P) - Single creamy pink.

ASTARTE (1951) (P) - Single ivory pink.

ATHENA (1949) - Creamy buff.

AUDREY (1938) - Semi-double light pink.

BALLERINA (1941) - Double greenish yellow.

BELINDA (NC) - (Mloko x peregrina) F2 single, very early, pale mauve.

BIRTHDAY (1935) (P) - Single pink.

BORDEAUX (1943) (P) Single red.

BRAVURA (1943) - Light cerise, white flares.

BRIGHT DIADEM (P)

BUCCANEER (1929) - Single light crimson.

BURGANDY (1941) - Single blackish purple.

CAMELLIA (1942) - Semi-double white.

CAMPAGNA (1941) - Single white.

CANDELIGHT (1950) (P) - Single golden ivory.

CARDINAL'S ROBE (1940) - Scarlet.

CARESS (P)

CARILLION (N) - Named changed to GWENDA.

CARINA (1944) - Semi-double red.

CAROLINA (1950) (NC) - Single white.

CAVATINA (1935) (P) - Single tawny blush.

CECILIA (1940) (P) - Single lobata pink.

CELIA (1938) - Semi-double flesh.

CHALICE (1929) - Single white.

CHALLENGER (1929) - Single, tall dark crimson.

CHARITY (1935) (P) - Semi-double late pink, almost cherry red.

CIRCLET (1952-1955) (P) - Cream.

CLARION (P)

CLAUDIA (1944) - Semi-double pink.

COLONEL STEICHEN (1941) - Semi-double red.

CONSTANCE SPRY (1941) - Semi-double light cherry.

CORALIE (1940) - Single coral pink.

CORINTH (1929) (P) - Double red. Discarded.

CYTHEREA (1953) - Rose pink, semi-double.

DAYBREAK - Name changed to EARLY DAYBREAK.

DAYSTAR (1949) - Palest yellow.

DEFENDER (1929) Single mahogany crimson.

DELPHI (1932) (P) - Double late, dark red.

DIADEM (1932) - Name BRIGHT DIADEM. Single golden ivory.

DIANTHA (1942) - Single early dwarf. Peach pink.

EARLY BIRD (1951) - Very early single red. PARTY DAYBRFAK (P)

EARLY WINDFLOWER (1939) - Single small white flowers, tall.

EASTER MORN (1952-1955) (P) - White.

ECHO (1951) (P) - Single lavender pink (Albi x anomala) F2.

ECLIPSE (1950) -.Single black purple.

EDWARD STEICHEN (1941) - Semi-double red.

ELIZABETH CAHN (1942) - Single white, underlay faint green.

ELIZABETH POSTER (1941) - Single large brilliant rose pink.

ELYSIUM (1950) - (Albi-macrophylla F2) Tall white.

EMBLEM (1941) - Single brilliant red.

EMMY SWAN (Lactiflora) (1932)

EREBUS (1938) - Single mahogany red.

EVENSONG (1952-1955) (P) - White.

FAITH (1929) (P) – Discarded

[The American Peony Society - The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 149]

FANTASIA (1931) - Single flesh pink, crinkled petals.

FELICITY (N) - Named changed to CAVATINA.

FIDELITY (1935) (P) - Single salmon flesh.

FIREFLAME (1972 list) (NC) - Bright pink, curious foliage.

FIRELIGHT (1950) - Quadruple, semi-double rose pink.

FRANCIS No. 8167 - Single early pale peach pink.

FRANCIS RED - Lobata red (1972 memo).

FORTUNE (1943) (P) - Single coral rose, white flares outside.

GARDEN PEACE (1941) - Single tall white.

GILLIAN (1950) - Single early pink.

GOOD CHEER (1942) - Light vermillion.

GOOD WILL (1941) (P) - Double deep cerise.

GRACE (1929) - Single light pink.

GRACE LOOMIS (1920) - Double white. Lactiflora.

GRACE MACLEAN (1920) - Double pink. Lactiflora.

GRACE ROOT (1940) - Single light salmon pink.

GREAT LADY (1943) - Single to semi-double. Tall china pink.

GREEN IVORY (1938) - Single, white tinted green.

GWENDA (1951) - Pink.

HALCYON (1948) - Single blush, early.

HARBINGER (1929) (P) - Early single light pink.

HERALD (1950) - Single red.

HERITAGE (1950) - Double crimson.

HONOR (1941) (P) - Bright pink.

HOPE (P)

HORIZON (1943) - Single tall flesh, huge center.

JACQUEMINOT (1941) (P) - Double crimson bomb. Discarded.

JANICE (1939) - Single early tall salmon pink.

JAQUETTE (Bulletin 125, page 24.) - See Gist List.

JEAN COWLEY (1942) (P) - Semi-double bright rose.

JEANNETTE (1938) (P) - Single salmon pink.

JOY (1928) (P) - Late bright rose pink.

JULIA GRANT (1939) - Semi-double clear pink.

KING'S RANSOM (NC)

LADYBIRD (1949) - Very early single red.

LADY GAY (1950) - Single white pink.

LATE WINDFLOWER (1939) - Small single white, fern-like foliage.

LAURA MAGNUSON (1941) - Semi-double late. Light clear cherry cup.

LAVENDER (1939) - A strain. Pale lilac.

LEGION OF HONOR (1941) - Single to semi-double. Cherry scarlet.

LIBERATOR (1938) - Bright deep crimson.

LITTLE DORRIT (1949) - Dwarf. Single pink.

LOTUS BLOOM (1943) (P) - Semi-double light pink.

LOUISE (1935) - Lactiflora. Tall double white.

LOUISE'S LILAC (Mimeo of Miss Saunders 1967 says listed 1966.) (Albi x Corallina)

LOVELY ROSE (1942) - Semi-double creamy rose pink.

LUDOVICA (1941) - Semi-double clear rose pink.

LUSTROUS (1942) - Semi-double. Luminous scarlet. Very large.

MADRIGAL (1941) - Semi-double palest pink or white.

MAGNOLIA FLOWER (1949) - Semi-double, large mauve and cream.

MAN OF WAR (1929) (P) - Single brilliant red.

MARINER (1941) - Maroon crimson.

MARTA (1939) (P) - Semi-double mahogany red.

MASTERPIECE (1949) - Name changed to QUEEN ROSE.

MATILDA LEWIS (1921) - Double dark maroon, Lactiflora.

MAY LILAC (1950) - Semi-double clear lilac.

MAY MORNING (1950) (P) - Single creamy apricot.

MAY MUSIC (1973) (NC) - (#16209) Apricot buff, crimson flares.

MERCY (1940) (P) - Single salmon rose cup.

MERMAID (1950) - Single very pale lavender.

MID MAY (1950) - Apple blossom pink.

MONTEZUMA (1943) - Semi-double crimson.

MOONRISE (1949) - Single creamy yellow.

MORNING STAR (P) - (Daystar's seedling) S.S. Mimeo 1970.

MULAN (Albi x Witmanniana) Mentioned in A. P. Saunders' article. A.P.S. Bulletin #84 September 1941.

NADIA (1941) - Semi-double late cherry red.

NATHALIE (M39) - Semi-double brilliant salmon rose.

NIGHT WATCH (1950) (NC) - Formerly VIKING. An Anomala seedling. "Black-red" darkest of our herbaceous reds.

NORTHERN LIGHTS (NC) - Offered by Wilds. A quadruple hybrid (albi-officinalis-Mloko- macro) Ivory yellow.

NOSEGAY (1950) - Single small salmon pink.

NOVA (1950) - First called OLGA. Pale yellow.

OLGA - Renamed NOVA.

OLIVIA SAUNDERS (1943) (P) - Single light cherry to pale pink.

[The American Peony Society - The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 150]

PAGEANT (1941) - 4 Feet tall. Single pink.

PALADIN (1950) - Semi-double carmine red.

PALE PRIMROSE (1951) (N) - Name changed to STARLIGHT.

PAPILIO (1950) - Quadruple, ivory pink.

PATRIOT (1943) - Single bright crimson.

PICOTEE (1949) - Dwarf plant. Single white.

PLAYMATE (1950) - Small rosy pink flowers. Ferny foliage.

POSTILION (1941) - Semi-double deep scarlet crimson.

QUEEN ROSE (1949) - Formerly called MASTERPIECE. Semi-double rose pink.

RANSOM - Bulletin 125, page 23. Semi-double brilliant red.

RED COCKADE (1943) (P) - Single bright crimson.

RED LACQUER (1950) (P) - Single scarlet, unusual center.

RED RED ROSE (1942) - Semi-double bright scarlet.

REQUIEM (1941) - Single waxy white.

REWARD (1941) - Single early dark maroon.

ROSALBA (1941) (P) - Formerly SPRING SONG. Single creamy salmon.

ROSE CRYSTAL (1955) - Ivory.

ROSE DIAMOND (1943) (P) - Late single salmon rose.

ROSE GARLAND (1943) - Dwarf single china pink cup.

ROSELETTE (1950) - Single light rose pink.

ROSELETTE'S CHILD (NC) - Saunders list 1967. Tall early single peach.

ROSELETTE'S GRANDCHILD (NC) - A.P.S. Bulletin #178, chromosome count list by Silvia Saunders. Later listing was ROSELETTE'S CHILD F2.

ROSE NOBLE (1950) - Single pale ivory rose.

ROSE ROYAL (1952-1955) (P) - Single pink.

ROSE TULIP (1947) - Single pink like tulip.

ROSY CHEEK (1943) (NC) - Slightly semi-double rose.

ROSY WREATH (1941) (P) - Single rose pink.

RUSHLIGHT (1950) - Single ivory cream.

SANCTUS (1952-1955) - Single white, center gold.

SCARLET TANAGER (1942) - Single tall vermillion red.

SERAPHIM (1929) - Very early single white.

SERENADE (1941) - Early single blush.

SHELL PINK (1939) - Single, very early pale pink.

SILVER DAWN F2 (1949) - Single white flushed rose.

SILVER SWAN (1942) - Single very pale pink.

SILVIA SAUNDERS (1921) - Semi-double pink. Lactiflora.

SKYLARK (1942) - Single clear bright rose pink.

SOLO FLIGHT (1935) - Jap. blush center, pale yellow. Bulletin #91. Also Gist list

SOPHIE (1940) - Semi-double. Bright cherry red cup.

SPARKLING WINDFLOWER (1971) - Listed by Reath.

SPRING SONG (1941) - Name changed to ROSALBA. SPRITE (1950) - Single ivory white.

STARLIGHT (1949) - Single ivory yellow.

SUNGLINT (1973) (14400 ) (NC) - One or two rows of petals, golden yellow.

SUNLIGHT (1950) (NC) - Dwarf warm rosy ivory.

TANTRUMS (1942) - Dark crimson, wild confusion of yellow stamens.

TIGER TIGER (1935) - Discarded.

VALOR (1939) (P) - Semi-double clear pink.

VERITY (1935) (P) - Tall light flesh pink.

VICTORIA LINCOLN (1938) - Double clear pink.

VINDICATOR (1935) - Discarded.

WHITE INNOCENCE (1947) - Tall, late, pure white flowers, single.

WINGED VICTORY - Warm tawny-ivory, center crimson.

WINTERTHUR (NC) - A Chalice F2. Very large leaves and large single blooms palest pink, turning white.

YOUR MAJESTY (1947) - Single vivid scarlet.

HYBRIDS UNDER NUMBER WITH KEY NC, LISTED BY MISS SILVIA SAUNDERS.

NC 10996 (albi x tenui, equal to Smouthi) Early single red, fern-like foliage.

NC 14400 - Listed by David Reath as SUNGLINT (Albi x (Miokl x macro). Very early, pale yellow.

NC 14414 - Same parentage as 14400 and very similar to it.

NC 16209 - A quadruple hybrid, now listed by David Reath as MAY MUSIC.

NC 16234 - A quadruple, very tall with pallid blooms.

HYBRIDS DISTRIBUTED FOR SEVERAL YEARS.

No. 4992 (Albi-macro) F2.

No. 12128 (Albi-macro x Otto Froebel) described 1967 list.

No. 16197 - Quad F (officinalis looking) 1971 list. Distributed perhaps near the end of year 1971 and 1972.

[The American Peony Society - The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 151]

PROFESSOR SAUNDERS, CLINTON, NEW YORK

LUTEA HYBRID TREE PEONIES

THE ROMAN GOLD GROUP - Yellow, clear or almost clear, generally single.

AMBER MOON (1948) - Deep soft amber yellow, flushed and edged crimson. Petals heavy texture. Opens flat, slight flare. Early.

ARCADIA (1942) - Pale yellow, flared dark. Good carriage. Fern-like foliage.

ARGOSY (1928) - Clear sulphur yellow. Single 6-7" wide. Plume colored flares.

CANARY (1940) - Dazzling yellow single, one of the brightest. Blooms held high above the foliage. Vigorous.

GOLDEN BOWL (1948) - Large cup-shaped flowers of intense yellow with scarlet flares in the center. Good substance.

GOLDEN VANITIE or (GOLDEN VANITY) (1960) - Single yellow, slight pink tinge, small purple flares. Blooms in abundance.

GOLDFINCH (1948)

NANKEEN (1950) - Very pale yellow with an almost black center. The flowers are distinctly fluted and held well above the foliage.

NARCISSUS (1941) - An early single yellow saucer with maroon flares.

ROMAN GOLD (1941) - Brilliant yellow with dark red flares in center. Beautiful form and heavy substance. Extremely floriferous.

SILVER PLANE (1948) - Silvery yellow; plum-colored flares. Foliage and stems tipped purple.

SILVER SAILS (1940) - Silver yellow single, faintly flushed and flared. Heavy blooming tendencies, large floret. Elite.

STAR DUST (1948) - The plant covers itself with small yellow flowers, held well. Charming.

WINGS OF THE MORNING, formerly AUREOLE (1948) - Large pale yellow flower with maroon flares. Petals cleft, ruffled and crimped.

THE GOLDEN HIND GROUP - Yellow, clear or almost clear, generally semi or fully double.

AGE OF GOLD (1948) - Double flat rosette type of soft creamy gold with small red flare at the base of the petals. Petals nicely waved and ruffled resembling a ruffled camellia. Foliage to the ground. Flowers above the foliage.

ALHAMBRA (1948) - Clear warm gold with dark flares in center. Crinkled petals.

CELESTIAL (1948)

DAFFODIL (1948) - Semi-double, daffodil yellow without flares. The bloom is characterized by purity of color and perfection of form.

GOLD DUST (1952)

GOLDEN HIND (1948-1950) - Bright yellow with maroon flares in center. Superb, fluffy, up to 8" blooms.

GOLDEN ISLES (1948) - Medium to large, semi-double, brilliant flower with raspberry flares, almost black. Petals crinkled and notched.

GOLD SOVEREIGN (1949) - Bright gold flat rosette with golden heart. Flowers held well above the foliage.

HIGH NOON (1952) - Cup shaped, semi-double, clear lemon with small red markings in center. Flowers have great beauty and refinement. Tallest of the Lutea hybrids, tendency to re-bloom in August.

HYPERION (1948) - Light, brilliant cup-shaped flowers, dark flares. Late for this strain.

NEREID (1949) - Wide open flowers of palest yellow with silvery edges.

ORION (1948) - Brilliant warm gold with dark flares. Dark green foliage.

SPANISH GOLD (1948)

THE TEA ROSE GROUP - Generally yellow, but tinted and suffused reddish, single to double.

ANGELET (1950) - Yellow delicately edged rose, dark center. Flowers fluted, dressy and well held.

APRICOT (1948) - Yellow suffused with rose. Silvery-gray fern-like foliage.

BROCADE (1941) - Red-gold single, edged crimson; deep wine flares. Late blooming plant of much style.

COUNTESS (1942) - Deep tea-rose single of finest quality.

DAMASK (1941) - Semi-double warm gold with dark flares in center.

FESTIVAL (1941) - Pale silvery yellow, edged and flushed rose. Almost double flat rosette.

GOLDEN MANDARIN (1952) - Single old gold, deep wine red flares in center of petals.

HAPPY DAYS (1948)

HARVEST (1948) - Semi-double of warm rich color of ripe grain with rosy edges. Most unusual and exquisite color of all our peonies.

HOLIDAY (1948) - Double pearly cream, with lavender picotee. Lavender to purple flares which suffuse petals. Plant rather dwarf in stature.

MARCHIONESS (1942) - Single pearly mauve or yellow suffused with rose. Large raspberry flares. Beautiful creation of color.

PASTORAL (1952)

[The American Peony Society - The History of the Peonies and their Originations p. 152]

SEGOVIA (1949) - Gigantic single, pure yellow, holds flower high.

SPRING CARNIVAL (1944) - Large gold flower, with red edges and dark flares. Flowers held erect. Semi-double.

SUNRISING (1948) - Warm brilliant yellow, flushed red. Semi-double.

TEA ROSE (1948) - Semi-double yellow tinted suffused rose.

TITANIA (1949)

THE BANQUET GROUP - Generally reddish but with yellow undertone, single to double.

BANQUET (1941) - Brilliant strawberry red, semi-double with darker centers. Flat rosettes.

CENTAUR (1941) - Discarded.

CHINESE DRAGON (1948) - Crimson red with black-red flares and golden yellow stamens. Semi-double blooms covers finely cut foliage, which is deep green with a touch of bronze.

CONQUEST (1948) - Strawberry red flowers, lighted with yellow. Semi-double.

HESPERUS (1948) - Single old rose pink with yellow undertones and deep pink veins. Petals crinkled and notched. A radiance of color. Purple flares.

REGENT (1945) - Double flower, red, suffused yellow. No other peony like it.

RENOWN (1949) - Bright light copper-red; yellow overtones. Late, re-bloomer.

RIGHT ROYAL (1952) - Semi-double yellow with lavender petals. Lavender picotee and purple flares suffusing petals slightly.

ROSE FLAME (1952) - Single deep pink with lighter undertones. Maroon flares and tinges of purple.

SUMMER NIGHT (1949) - Semi-double dusky dark rose with black flares.

TIGER, TIGER (1948)

TROPHY (1944)

THE BLACK PIRATE GROUP - Crimson to very dark, almost black maroon. Single to double,

BLACK DOUGLAS (1948) - Double rosette, almost black, free bloomer.

BLACK PANTHER (1948) - Semi-double large deep maroon flowers, gold center. Foliage cut leaved.

BLACK PIRATE (1948) - Single dark mahogany-red, with black stains at base of petals. Petals puckered and edges slightly irregular.

CHARIOTEER (1949) - Semi-double very deep maroon, dark heart, satiny texture.

CORSAIR (1941) - Single dark maroon with dark flares. Ragged edges. Slightly frilled.

DAREDEVIL (1948) - Single bright garnet red, immense flower, fern-like foliage.

HEART OF DARKNESS (1948) - Second generation hybrid. Almost black. Heavy substance.

LOMBARD (1948) - Single deep plum color; heavy petals, flared black. Fine substance.

MONITAR (1948)

PHOENIX (1941) - Single to semi-double crimson with dark center. Foliage as beautiful as the flower, turns red in the fall.

RED CLOUD (1948) - Semi-double cup shaped, dusky mahogany red, many flowers.

RED CURRENT (1948) - Semi-double shining crimson gold center and bronzy foliage.

RED JADE (1948)

THUNDERBOLT - Black crimson single, streaked scarlet. Much style. Floriferous.

VESUVIAN (1948) - Full double black-red with purple undertone. Furled and fringed.

THE MYSTERY GROUP - Ivories, pearled shades, suffused mauves, single to double.

CORONAL (1948) - Semi-double deep ivory or cream edged or flushed with rose.

HARLEQUIN (1952) - Small flowers blended mauve and ivory cream.

INFANTA (1948) - The one white in the list. Small cup-shaped flowers with marled purple flares.

MELODY (1948) - Withdrawn.

MYSTERY (1948) - Large semi-double pearled lavender with darker shadings, varied to palest green.

PRINCESS (1941) - Large semi-double rose lavender suffused with a yellow sheen. Petals crinkled and slightly ruffled. Dark flares and a golden center.

SAVAGE SPLENDOR (1950) - Semi-double, ivory background flushed and edged purple. A twist and flare in the petals. Vigorous,


Ein wesentlicher Teil der Saunders-Sorten wurde nicht in der offiziellen Registrierung aufgelistet, sondern erst später bei der Erstellung des APS- Buches 1975 zusammengefaßt. Ich habe versucht, alle Namen zu listen, die irgendwie belegbar sind. Many of Saunders's breedings were not published in the name-section of the APS-publications, only later in the breeder-compilations and several times as follow-ups from the nursery catalogs in 1965 and as a list from 1971. I have listed all names, which appeared at least once.



A.P.Saunders ist der wichtigste Päonien-Züchter des 20.Jahrhunderts. Er hat systematisch alle ihm zugänglichen Wildarten gekreuzt und darüber Buch geführt, und viele seine Sorten sind bis heute erhalten bzw. waren Ausgangspunkt für weitere Erfolge, mit denen die Generationen nach ihm berühmt wurden, wie Daphnis, Reath etc. Im rechten Fenster führt der obere Link (auf dem Namen) zur Übersichtsseite von Saunders, wo 4 seiner Notizbücher vollständig verlinkt sind, aber auch ein großer Teil seiner Publikationen. Ich habe versucht, die allgegenwärtigen Sämlings-Nummern alle zu erfassen, aber es fehlen von seinen über 17.000 nur sehr viele. Außerdem war es möglich, anhand Saunders' eigenen Aufzeichnungen auch ein Bild der von ihm verwendeten Pflanzen zu entwerfen. Die Arbeit and diesem Projekt ist aber noch nicht abgeschlossen.


tree peony - groups

Breedings & Introductions

A




Age of Gold

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Alert

(Saunders 1941)

hh

 

Alexander Woollcott

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Alhambra

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Alida

(Saunders 1952-1955)

hh

Alison

(Saunders 1952-1955)

hh

 

Amber Moon

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Amity

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Angelet

(Saunders 1950)

lt

Angelica

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Anniversary

(Saunders 1941)

hh

 

Anthem

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Apricot

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Arcadia

(Saunders 1942)

lt

 

Archangel

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Argosy

(Saunders 1928)

lt

Ariel

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

Artemis

(Saunders 1951)

hh

Astarte

(Saunders 1951)

hh

 

Athena

(Saunders 1955)

hh

Audrey

(Saunders 1938)

hh

Aureole ('Wings of the Morning')

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

B




Banquet

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Belinda

(Saunders)

hh

 

Birthday

(Saunders, 1935)

hh

Black Douglas

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Black Panther

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Black Pirate

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Blushing Princess

(Saunders – Reath 1991)

hh

Bordeaux

(Saunders, 1943)

hh

Bravura

(Saunders 1943)

hh

Bright Diadem

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Brocade

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Buccaneer

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Burgundy

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Ballerina

(Saunders 1941)

hh

C




Camellia

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Campagna

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Canary

(Saunders 1940)

lt

Candlelight

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Cardinal's Robe

(Saunders, 1940)

hh

Caress

(Saunders)

hh

 

Carillon ('Gwenda')

(Saunders)

hh

 

Carina

(Saunders, 1944)

hh

Carolina

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Cavatina

(Saunders 1935)

hh

Cecilia

(Saunders 1940)

hh

 

Celestial

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Celia

(Saunders 1938)

hh

 

Centaur

(Saunders 1941)

lt

 

Chalice

(Saunders, 1929)

hh

Chalice Pink

(Saunders-Krekler)

hh

 

Challanger

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Charioteer

(Saunders 1949)

lt

 

Charity

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

Chinese Dragon

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Circlet

(Saunders, 1952-1955)

hh


Clarion

(Saunders, 1952-1955)

hh

 

Claudia

(Saunders, 1944)

hh

Colonel Steichen

(Saunders 1941)

hh

 

Conquest

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Constance Spry

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Coralie

(Saunders 1940)

hh

Corinth

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Coronal

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Corsair

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Countess

(Saunders 1942)

lt

 

Cytherea

(Saunders, 1953)

hh

D




Daffodil

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Daredevil

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Dawn Glow

(Silvia Saunders1986)

hh

Daystar

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Defender

(Saunders 1929)

hh

Delphi

(Saunders 1932)

hh

 

Diadem ('Bright Diadem')

(Saunders)

hh

 

Diantha

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

 

E




Earlybird

(Saunders, 1951)

hh

Early Daybreak

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Early White

(Saunders)

hh

 

Early Windflower

(Saunders, 1939)

hh

Easter Morn

(Saunders 1952-1955)

hh

 

Echo

(Saunders, 1951)

hh

Eclipse

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Edward Steichen

(Saunders 1941)

hh

Elizabeth Cahn

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Elizabeth Foster

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Ellen Cowley

(Saunders, 1940)

hh

Elysium

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Emblem

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Emmy Swan

(Saunders 1932)

l

 

Erebus

(Saunders 1938)

hh

 

Evensong

(Saunders 1952-55)

hh

 

F




Faith

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Famie

(Saunders – Krekler 1955)

hh

 

Fantasia

(Saunders 1931)

hh

Festival

(Saunders 1941)

lt

 

Fidelity

(Saunders)

hh

 

Fireflame

(Saunders)

hh

 

Firelight

(Saunders 1959)

hh

Fortune

(Saunders 1943)

hh

 

Frances

(Saunders)

hh

Francis Red

(Saunders)

hh

 

G




Garden Peace

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Gillian

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Gold Dust

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Gold Dust

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Golden Bowl

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Golden Hind

(Saunders 1948-1950)

lt

Golden Isles

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Golden Mandarin

(Saunders 1952)

lt

Golden Vanity

(Saunders 1960)

lt

Goldfinch

(Saunders)

lt

Gold Sovereign

(Saunders 1949)

lt

Good Cheer

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Good Will

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Grace

(Saunders 1929)

hh

 

Grace Loomis

(Saunders 1920)

l

 

Grace MacLean

(Saunders 1920)

l

 

Grace Root

(Saunders, 1940)

hh

Great Lady

(Saunders, 1943)

hh

Green Ivory

(Saunders, 1938)

hh

 

Gwenda

(Saunders)

hh

 

H




Halcyon

(Saunders, 1948)

hh

Happy Days

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Harbinger

(Saunders, 1929)

hh

 

Harlequin

(Saunders 1952)

lt

 

Harvest

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Heart of Darkness

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Helen Matthews

(Saunders-Krekler, 1953)

hh

Herald

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Heritage

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Hesperus

(Saunders 1948 -1950)

lt

High Noon

(Saunders 1952)

lt

Holiday

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Honor

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Hope

(Saunders, 1929)

hh

Horizon

(Saunders, 1943)

hh

Hyperion

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

I




Infanta

(Saunders 1948)

lt

J




Janice

(Saunders, 1939)

hh

Joy

(Saunders1928)

hh


Julia Grant

(Saunders 1939)

hh

 

K




King's Ransom

(Saunders)

hh

 

L




Ladybird

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

 

Lady Gay

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Late Windflower

(Saunders, 1939)

hh

Laura Magnuson

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Lavender (strain)

(Saunders, 1939)

hh

L D

(Saunders)

lt


Legion of Honor

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Liberator

(Saunders 1940)

hh

Little Dorrit

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Little Reds

(Saunders)

hh

 

Lombard

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Lotus Bloom

(Saunders, 1943)

hh

Louise

(Saunders 1935)

l

 

Louises's Lilac

(Saunders 1966)

hh

 

Lovebirds

(Saunders – Smetana 1984)

hh

Lovely Rose

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Ludovica

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Lustrous

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

M




Madrigal

(Saunders1941)

hh


Magnolia Flower

(Saunders 1949)

hh

Man of War

(Saunders 1929)

hh

Marchioness

(Saunders 1942)

lt

Mariner

(Saunders 1941)

hh


Marta

(Saunders 1938)

hh


Matilda Lewis

(Saunders, 1921)

l

May Lilac

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

May Morning

(Saunders, 1950)

hh


May Music

(Saunders – Reath 1973)

hh

Melody

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Mercy

(Saunders 1940)

hh

Mermaid

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Merry Mayshine

(Saunders -Hollingsworth/ Smetana 1994)

hh

Mid May

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Monitar

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Montezuma

(Saunders, 1943)

hh

Moonrise

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Morning Star

(Saunders)

hh

 

Mulan

(Saunders 1941)

hh

 

Mystery

(Saunders 1948)

lt

N




Nadia

(Saunders 1941)

hh

Nankeen

(Saunders 1950)

lt

 

Narcissus

(Saunders 1941)

lt

narcissus4

Nathalie

(Saunders, 1939)

hh

Nereid

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Night Watch

(Saunders 1950)

hh

No.10996

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.12128

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.14400

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.14414

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.16197

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.16209

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.16234

(Saunders)

hh

 

No.4992

(Saunders)

hh

 

Northern Crown

(Saunders)

hh

 

Northern Lights

(Saunders)

hh

 

Nosegay

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Nova

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Nova II

(Saunders- Hollingsworth)

hh

O




Olga ('Nova')

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

 

Olivia Saunders

(Saunders 1943)

hh

 

Open Your Eyes

(Saunders)

lt

 

Orion

(Saunders 1948)

lt

P




Pageant

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Paladin

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Papilio

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Pastoral

(Saunders 1952)

lt

 

Patriot

(Saunders 1943)

hh

Phoenix

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Picotee

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Pink Chalice

(Saunders)

hh

Pinkie

(Saunders-Krekler)

l

 

Playmate

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

Postillion

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Princess

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Q




Queen Rose

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

R




Ransom

(Saunders)

hh

 

Red Cloud

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Red Cockade

(Saunders 1943)

hh

 

Red Current

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Red Jade

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Red Lacqueur

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Red Red Rose

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Regent

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Renown

(Saunders 1949)

lt

Requiem

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Reward

(Saunders, 1941)

hh

Right Royal

(Saunders 1952)

lt

Roman Gold

(Saunders 1941)

lt

Rosalba

(Saunders 1941)

hh

Rose Crystal

(Saunders)

hh

Rose Diamond

(Saunders 1943)

hh

Rose Dream

(Saunders)

hh


Rose Flame

(Saunders 1952)

lt

Rose Garland

(Saunders 1943)

hh

Roselette

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Roselett'es Child

(Saunders 1967)

hh

Roselette's Child F2

(Saunders)

hh

 

Roselette's Grandchild

(Saunders)

hh

Rose Noble

(Saunders 1950)

hh

Rose Royal

(Saunders 1952-55)

hh

 

Rose Tulip

(Saunders 1947)

hh

Rosy Cheek

(Saunders 1943)

hh

Rosy Wreath

(Saunders 1941)

hh

Rushlight

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

S




Sanctus

(Saunders 1952-1955)

hh

Saunders F2A

(Saunders)

lt

Saunders F2B

(Saunders)

lt

Saunders Pink

(Saunders?)

hh

Savage Splendor

(Saunders 1950)

lt

Scarlet Tanager

(Saunders, 1942)

hh

Segovia

(Saunders 1949)

lt

 

Seraphim

(Saunders, 1929)

hh

Serenade

(Saunders 1941)

hh

 

Shell Pink

(Saunders 1939)

hh

 

Silver Dawn

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Silver Plane

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Silver Sails

(Saunders 1940)

lt

Silver Swan

(Saunders)

hh

 

Silvia ('Silvia Saunders')

(Saunders 1921)

l

 

Silvia Saunders

(Saunders 1921)

l

 

Skylark

(Saunders 1942)

hh

Softly Salmon

(Saunders)

hh

 

Solot Flight

(Saunders 1935)

l

 

Sophie

(Saunders, 1940)

hh

Southern Cross

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

Spanish Gold

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

Sparkling Windflower

(Silvia Saunders 1971)

hh

Spring Carnival

(Saunders 1944)

lt

Sprite

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Stardust

(Saunders 1948)

lt


Starlight

(Saunders, 1949)

hh

Strawberry Wine

(Saunders/Hollingsworth 2004)

hh


Summer Night

(Saunders 1949)

lt

Sunglint

(Saunders-Reath 1973)

hh

Sunlight

(Saunders, 1950)

hh

 

Sunrising

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Sweet May

(Saunders 1955)

hh

T




Tantrums

(Saunders 1942)

hh

 

Tea Rose

(Saunders 1948)

lt

 

The Dragon

(Saunders)

lt

 

Thunderbolt

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Tiger Tiger

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Tiget Tiger

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

Time Traveler

(Saunders-Waltz 2005)

hh


Titania

(Saunders 1949)

lt

 

Tranquil Dove

(Saunders - Caprice Farm Nursery 1993)

hh

Trophy

(Saunders)

lt

 

U




-




V




Valor

(Saunders 1939)

hh

 

Verity

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

Vesuvian

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Victoria Lincoln

(Saunders 1938)

hh

 

Viking ('Night Watch')

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Vindicator

(Saunders 1935)

hh

 

W




White Innocence

(Saunders 1947)

hh

Winged Victory

(Saunders 1950)

hh

 

Wings Of The Morning

(Saunders 1948)

lt

Winterthur

(Saunders 1952-55)

hh

X




-




Y




Your Majesty

(Saunders 1947)

hh

Z




-





Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Library

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