P. x smouthii Van Houtte = P. smouthii Hort. = Van Houttei

Horticulture Universel 4:274 (1845)

type: [herbaceous peony] – [herbaceous hybrid] Tenuifolia X Lactiflora




P. Smouthi Van Houtte, Hort. Universel, 4:274, 1846.

Two other forms similar to the members of this group are often erroneously named P. anomala. One, P. Smouthi, is a sterile hybrid of known garden origin between P. albiflora and P. tenuifolia, and resembles closely some of the F1 plants of the same cross produced by Saunders (cf. Hicks and Stebbins, 1934; Saunders and Stebbins, 1938; Stebbins, 1938a). It was first advertised by Barr & Sons as P. anomala intermedia, and later as P. anomala typica, and was also distributed by the Old Farm Nurseries, Booskop, Holland, as P. anomala.






P.X Smouthii, according to Horticulture Universal, vol. 4, 274 (1843), is a hybrid between P.albiflora (i.e. P.lactiflora) and P.tenuifolia; this plant is sometimes listed in nurserymen's catalogues as P.laciniata. The flowers of P.X Smouthii have a sweet scent and there is usually more than one flower to a stem ; both these characters are inherited from P.lactiflora. It is a charming plant for the garden. P.X Smouthii is a diploid as might be expected, as both the parents are diploids, but it has never borne fertile seed in my garden. This hybrid may have been called after Monsieur Smout, a chemist in Malines, who was a keen hybridizer of plants. (Stern page111)

SMOUTHII (Hybrid) Bright scarlet. Single. Blooms very early. It comes into bloom a few days earlier than the finely cut-foliaged Tenuifolia, but is distinctly different from the Chinese varieties. It is not so hard to propagate as Tenuifolia, and we feel that it is just as satisfactory. Cut leaf foliage, that even after blooming, makes a wonderful border plant. Plant with red tulips for a lovely combination.

Smouthi (France, 1845) Red, single, very early, 36" tall, hybrid. A single red bloom with a golden center that stands out with its ferny-leafed foliage. Makes a lovely contrast plant with its deeply cut foliage. Our earliest bloomer!

smouthii : très proche de P. anomala, fl. simple, rouge, fe. fin très découpé, médaille d'argent St Jean de Beauregard 1998.

I have found very different looking plants under this names. Which one is the real 'Smouthi'??

plant1 (Klose nursery)

plant2 (Klose nursery)




my plant from Ra dziul

Carsten Burkhardt's Web Project Paeonia - The Peony Database